The biology of nitrogen fixation

by A. Quispel

Publisher: North-Holland Pub. Co., Publisher: American Elsevier Pub. Co. in Amsterdam, New York

Written in English
Published: Pages: 769 Downloads: 617
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Subjects:

  • Nitrogen -- Fixation

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies and index.

Statementedited by A. Quispel.
SeriesFrontiers of biology ;, v. 33, Frontiers of biology (Amsterdam) ;, v. 33.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQR89.7 .Q84
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 769 p. :
Number of Pages769
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5440908M
ISBN 100444106308
LC Control Number73090562
OCLC/WorldCa1247933

Abstract. The assignment to give an overview of biological N 2 fixation implies that we should spend a little time in discussing the history of the subject. It is somewhat over 90 years now since Hellriegel and Wilfarth clearly indicated that biological N 2 fixation occurs in leguminous plants. There had been earlier indications of this as evidenced by the long-accepted practice of crop. Biology Boom. Menu. Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Botany No Comments. The synthesis of organic nitrogenous compounds from atmospheric nitrogen by certain microorganisms is called biological nitrogen fixation. Higher plants cannot directly utilize molecular nitrogen of the atmosphere. But certain micro-organisms can utilize atmospheric nitrogen.   The most abundant form of nitrogen in our atmosphere is N 2 gas. Since this isn’t a usable form, life relies on a series of chemical reactions performed by microorganisms to convert it. The process of turning nitrogen gas into a biologically useful form of nitrogen is called nitrogen fixation. Nitrogen fixation is a process by which molecular nitrogen in the air is converted into ammonia (NH 3) or related nitrogenous compounds in soil. Atmospheric nitrogen is molecular dinitrogen, a relatively nonreactive molecule that is metabolically useless to all but a few ical nitrogen fixation converts N 2 into ammonia, which is metabolized by most organisms.

Despite considerable progress in the field of sustainable ammonia synthesis technologies, the sluggish kinetics of nitrogen reduction has restricted its applicability. The development of highly efficient photocatalysts for solar-driven nitrogen fixation remains a great challenge. In this work, we demonstrate.

The biology of nitrogen fixation by A. Quispel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Biological Nitrogen Fixation is a comprehensive two volume work bringing together both review and original research articles on key topics in nitrogen fixation.

Chapters across both volumes emphasize molecular techniques and advanced biochemical analysis approaches applicable to various aspects of biological nitrogen fixation. The biology of nitrogen fixation (Frontiers of biology) by A Quispel and a great selection of related books, American Elsevier Pub.

Co, Condition: Fair. This is an ex-library book and may have the usual library/used-book markings book has hardback covers. In fair condition, suitable as a study copy.

Please note the Image. Biological nitrogen fixation has essential role in N cycle in global ecosystem. Several types of nitrogen fixing bacteria are recognized: the free-living bacteria in soil or water; symbiotic bacteria making root nodules in legumes or non-legumes; associative nitrogen fixing bacteria that resides outside the plant roots and provides fixed nitrogen to the plants; endophytic nitrogen fixing.

This book provides an introductory-level survey of biological nitrogen fixation, covering the role of the process in the global nitrogen cycle as well as its biochemistry, physiology, genetics, ecology, general biology and prospects for its future exploitation.

In this book there are 11 chapters related to biological nitrogen fixation, regulation of legume-rhizobium symbiosis, and agriculture and ecology of biological nitrogen fixation, including new models for autoregulation of nodulation in legumes, endophytic nitrogen fixation in sugarcane or forest trees, etc.

Hopefully, this book will contribute Cited by: 5. Chapter 8 - Physiology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology of Nitrogen Fixation. William E. Newton. grow. The movement of nitrogen between the atmosphere, biosphere, and geosphere in different forms is described by the nitrogen cycle.

This book is an activity of the COST Action on Denitrification. It covers all aspects of the N-cycle. This volume is a wide-ranging critical evaluation by international The biology of nitrogen fixation book of the state of knowledge in the whole field of biological nitrogen fixation.

It includes coverage of the chemistry of N2 reduction, the biochemistry and molecular biology of the molybdenum and vanadium nitrogenases. Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), the process by which gaseous N2 is converted into ammonia (NH3) via the enzyme nitrogenase, is crucial for the availability of nitrogen (N) in the terrestrial ecosystem.

Some bacteria have the remarkable capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia under ambient conditions, a reaction only mimicked on an industrial scale by a chemical process. This. Nitrogen Fixation by symbiotic organisms is considered an important contribution to the solution of food problems throughout the world.

For manyyears, Chinese scientists have focused their research in this area. Today more than half of the total nitrogen fertilizers applied are from biological fixation sources.

Nitrogen fixation also refers to other biological conversions of nitrogen, such as its conversion to nitrogen dioxide. Nitrogen fixation is a process by which nitrogen (N 2) in the atmosphere is converted into ammonia (NH 3).Atmospheric nitrogen or elemental nitrogen (N 2) is relatively inert: it does not easily react with other chemicals to form new compounds.

Several processes mediated by soil microorganisms play an important role in nutrient cycling. One such process is biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) by representatives of various bacterial.

Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) occurs when atmospheric nitrogen is converted to ammonia by an enzyme called nitrogenase. The reaction for BNF is: \[\ce{N2 + 8 H^{+} + 8 e^{−} → 2 NH3 + H2}.\] This type of reaction results in N 2 gaining electrons (see above equation) and is thus termed a reduction reaction.

The exact mechanism of. Nitrogen Fixation at the Millennium - Ebook written by G.J. Leigh. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Nitrogen Fixation at the Millennium. In recent years, our understanding of biological nitrogen fixation has been bolstered by a diverse array of scientific techniques.

Still, the origin and extant distribution of nitrogen fixation. The conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to a form which plants can use is fundamental to the productivity of the biosphere. This book provides an introductory-level survey of biological nitrogen fixation, covering the role of the process in the global nitrogen cycle as well as its biochemistry, physiology, genetics, ecology, general biology and prospects for its future by: Molecular Biology Of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation.

DOI link for Molecular Biology Of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation. Molecular Biology Of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation book. By Peter M. Gresshoff. Edition 1st Edition. First Published eBook Published 18 January Pub. location Boca Raton. Imprint CRC Press. This book tells the story of how humans have used their ingenuity throughout history to maintain soil fertility and to avoid famine through productive agriculture.

The struggle to provide sufficient food has been a preoccupation of humanity since the earliest times. As circumstances have changed and as lifestyles have changed, the way in which the food supply has been ensured has also changed. The conception that the nitrogen fixed by the root nodules is transferred chiefly by excretion to the cytoplasm seems justifiable in view of the experimental data.

Not until the last stage of nitrogen‐fixation does the central bacterial mass of the nodule decompose. Then the decomposition products are partly used by the host plant. In Biological Nitrogen Fixation, the leading researchers in nitrogen fixation from all over the world contribute up-to-the-minute general reviews on all aspects of the subject, from the molecular biology and genetics to the biochemistry, physiology, and ecology of nitrogen fixation.

The core of the text is aimed at the research worker in the field of nitrogen fixation, but, despite its specialisation, does not lose the emphasis on teaching, both as a direct reference book and as a backbone for a graduate course on the closing part of the book includes a subject index and a glossary of : Author: Takuji Ohyama Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand ISBN: Size: MB Format: PDF, Docs View: Get Books Biological nitrogen fixation has essential role in N cycle in global ecosystem.

Several types of nitrogen fixing bacteria are recognized: the free-living bacteria in soil or water; symbiotic bacteria making root nodules in legumes or non-legumes; associative nitrogen. Biological nitrogen fixation is a key contributor to sustaining the terrestrial carbon cycle, providing nitrogen input that plants require.

However, the amount and global distribution of this fixation is highly disputed. Using a comprehensive meta‐analysis of field measurements, we make a new assessment of global biological nitrogen fixation.

Book contents; Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle. Biology of the Nitrogen Cycle. Pages Chapter 8 - Physiology, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology of Nitrogen Fixation.

Author links open overlay panel William E. Newton. Show more. https: The nitrogen-fixation (nif). Azolla plants are triangular or polygonal in shape and bear deeply bilobed leaves and adventitious roots. The physiology of Azolla has been studied extensively by numerous workers in the last decade.

The nitrogen-fixation capacity of the Azolla-Anabaena association has been demonstrated indirectly and directly (by use of 15N2). Genre/Form: Aufsatzsammlung: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Molecular biology of symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, © Nitrogen is the most important, limiting element for plant production.

Biological nitrogen fixation is the only natural means to convert this essential element to a usable form. The book provides a valuable reference source not only for specialists in nitrogen fixation, but also for researchers working on related aspects of agronomy, biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, molecular biology and plant physiology.

Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Research Challenges - A Review of Research Grants Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development Get This Book MyNAP members save 10% online. Login or. We targeted several critical nodes within the nitrogen fixation and assimilation gene regulatory network to increase nitrogen fixation and ammonium excretion in PBC First, disruption of nifL can abolish inhibition of NifA and improve nif expression in the presence of both oxygen and exogenous fixed nitrogen (Brewin et al., ; Ortiz.

Nitrogen fixation is a process where bacteria convert N 2 into ammonia, a form of nitrogen usable by plants. Only a few types of organisms like and blue-green algae and certain species of soil bacteria are skilful of consuming nitrogen directly in its gaseous form.

When animals eat the plants, they obtain usable nitrogen compounds. It is obvious that the process of nitrogen reduction consumes 12 ATP and the complete process of biological nitrogen fixation is still more expensive. The enzyme reaction should be written formally as: N 2 + 8H + + 16 ATP + 8 e – → 2 NH 3 + H 2 + 16 ADP.

Nitrogen fixation is a reductive process where N 2 is reduced to give NH 3, an.This volume presents a review of recent developments in nitrogen fixation using transition metal–dinitrogen complexes in the last decade.

The authors are international experts in the corresponding field and each chapter discusses their latest achievements in the preparation of various transition metal–dinitrogen complexes and their reactivity.Nitrogen fixation in nature.

Nitrogen is fixed, or combined, in nature as nitric oxide by lightning and ultraviolet rays, but more significant amounts of nitrogen are fixed as ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates by soil microorganisms. More than 90 percent of all nitrogen fixation is effected by them.

Two kinds of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms are recognized: free-living (nonsymbiotic) bacteria.